Testicular Cancer: Cancer Type Occurs In Male Body

Testicular Cancer: Cancer Type Occurs In Male Body

Q1. What Is Testicular Cancer?

A1. Testicular cancer occurs in the testicles (testes), which are located inside the scrotum, a loose bag of skin underneath the penis. 

Q2. What Is The Function Of Testicles?

A2. The testicles produce male sex hormones and sperm for reproduction.

Q3. What Are The Sign And Symptoms Of Testicular Cancer?

A3. Testicular lumps: Pain, swelling, or lumps in your testicle or groin area may be a sign or symptom of testicular cancer or other medical conditions requiring treatment. Usually affects one testicle

Signs and symptoms of testicular cancer include:

  • A lump or enlargement in either testicle
  • A feeling of heaviness in the scrotum
  • A dull ache in the abdomen or groin
  • A sudden collection of fluid in the scrotum
  • Pain or discomfort in a testicle or the scrotum
  • Enlargement or tenderness of the breasts
  • Back pain

Q4. What Are The Causes Of Testicular Cancer?

A4. Unknown, Nearly all testicular cancers begin in the germ cells — the cells in the testicles that produce immature sperm.

What causes germ cells to become abnormal and develop into cancer isn't known.

Q5. Enumerate Risk Factors For Testicular Cancer?

A5. Factors that may increase your risk of testicular cancer include:

  • An undescended testicle (cryptorchidism). 
  • Abnormal testicle development. Conditions that cause testicles to develop abnormally, such as Klinefelter syndrome, may increase your risk of testicular cancer.
  • Family history. If family members have had testicular cancer, you may have an increased risk.
  • Age. Testicular cancer affects teens and younger men, particularly those between ages 15 and 35. However, it can occur at any age.

Q6. Daignosis For Testicular Cancer?

A6. Detection of a lump during a routine physical exam. To determine whether a lump is a testicular cancer, your doctor may recommend:

  • Ultrasound.
  • Blood tests.
  • Surgery to remove a testicle (radical inguinal orchiectomy)

Q7. What Are The Different Types Of Testicular Cancer?

A7.  there are two types of testicular cancer:

  • Seminoma
  • Nonseminoma: more aggressive

Q8.  What Are The Criteria For Cure Of Testicular Cancer

A8. The options for treating your testicular cancer depend on several factors, including the type and stage of cancer, your overall health, and your own preferences.

  • Surgery
  • Radiation therapy
  • Chemotherapy

Q9. Does Testicular Cancer Affect Fertility?

A9. Testicular cancer can silently impact your fertility for months before it's diagnosed.

In addition, radiation and chemotherapy can both cause a temporary or permanent loss of fertility by damaging the testes and sperm.”

Despite this, it is still possible to be fertile after treatment. Dr. Sajjan can help the patient in this situation.

Testicular cancer and fertility

It can cause changes in your testosterone levels as well as genetic damage to sperm cells—both of which make it harder to conceive. “In addition, radiation and chemotherapy can both cause a temporary or permanent loss of fertility by damaging the testes and sperm.” Despite this, it is still possible to be fertile after treatment. It may take up to two years for your fertility to return, but in one study, 48 percent of participants were able to conceive after treatment.

For Details contact Dr Sajjan