Reason For Slow Healing Of Cuts And Wounds

Reason For Slow Healing Of Cuts And Wounds

A skin wound that doesn't heal or heals slowly or tends to recur after pretending to heal is a chronic wound

It is essential here to highlight that many causes of chronic wounds can include cut, trauma, burns, skin cancers, infection, or underlying medical conditions such as diabetes which shall not be ignored.

Simple highlight in this article is that Wounds that take a long time to heal need special care.

Let’s define WOUND OR CUTS: why are they occurring!

Wounds or cut or sores – take more than a few weeks just to heal. The reason behind this is that these wound/cut sores might be infected, require medical treatment or often indicate an underlying disease such as diabetes, malignancies, deficiency etc.

When an individual cut or get burnt; the body begins a three-stage process to repair the damaged skin:

Ist stage: immune response allows wounds to become inflamed for prevention from infections.

IInd stage: new cells over the wound are produced by body this start wound healing
IIIrd stage: scar tissue formation 

It is a well accepted and observed fact that certain wounds heal easily while others take a longer time interval, particularly in case they are severe or the individual has a poor state of health.

ENUMERATING CAUSES OF SLOW WOUND HEALING

There are numerous things that can delay or complicate the healing of wounds; some are enlisted below:

  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Low HGH (human growth hormone)
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Vascular or arterial diseases
  • Zinc deficiency

DIABETES AND SLOW HEALING WOUNDS [BEING MOST COMMON IS DISCUSSED HERE]

High levels of blood glucose affect the nerves (neuropathy) leading to poor blood circulation that hampers skin repair. This can cause them to remain unhealed for months, increasing the risk of:

  • Fungal infections
  • Bacterial infections
  • Gangrene

Keeping blood glucose levels under good control are only key to reduce the risk of slow healing in diabetic patient.

It is undeniable that slow healing or non-healing wounds including cuts, grazes, blisters can be asymptomatic signs that if not treated can lead to amputation due to underlying causes like diabetes or malignant condition which may be undiagnosed.

So, if anyone faces slow healing or non-healing wounds or cuts must meet the doctor for the same. 

LOW HGH (HUMAN GROWTH HORMONE) AND SLOW HEALING WOUNDS

HGH increases wound collagen content, granulation tissue and wound tensile strength; followed by local production of (intrinsic growth factor 1)IGF-1 by fibroblasts.

Studies suggest that HGH promotes the growth of the thymus for the production of important immune cells called T cells.

The human growth hormone is mostly exploited as a major treatment arm for treating burns and skin graft donor sites.

Though, in various studies, it was difficult to assess the quality of these reported cases due to poor prognosis of burn cases or wound plus donor sites in adults and children in malignancy.

RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS AND SLOW HEALING WOUNDS

The complication of several autoimmune inflammatory diseases, including rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is Slow-healing wounds. This include  leg and foot ulcers as they can take months or even years to heal

VASCULAR OR ARTERIAL DISEASES AND SLOW HEALING WOUNDS

Vascular or Peripheral artery disease is a narrowing of the peripheral arteries leading to poor blood circulation. This affects individuals over the age of 60, and can result in delayed wound healing. Also it is associated with greater risk for limb loss.

ZINC DEFICIENCY AND SLOW HEALING WOUNDS

Various clinical trials from trusted links are good support that Zinc deficiency has been associated with delayed wound healing. Zinc deficiency reduced skin cell production and reduced wound strength.

According to dietary guidelines as well the food rich in zinc like leafy greens like kale, spinach and Swiss chard, ginger, mushrooms, beets, and yogurt are considered power foods as they speed up the healing timeline.

Also, it is pertinent to mention here that various open wound ointments contain zinc in its composition i.e. is indispensable for its action mentioned.