Five Most Common Diseases In Monsoon And Prevention

Five Most Common Diseases In Monsoon And Prevention

Monsoon is the most beautiful and awaited season but healthcare providers have to say something” please pay attention and be cautious of Monsoon diseases

Monsoon Diseases:  Well, rainy season- MONSOON brings along dollops of relief from the scorching heat. It is a sense of ecstasy amongst children and youngsters who love drenching themselves out in the rain. 

However, it is a busy season for laboratories, clinics and hospitals all across the country. Why?- Because with the monsoon arrives swarms of unwanted and harmful viruses and diseases.

Leaving no stone unturned to reach out to the common man in various forms these diseases like Cold and Cough, Malaria, Dengue, Stomach Infection, Diarrhoea, Fever, Typhoid and Pneumonia requires attention and preventive measures.

Mosquito-Borne Monsoon  Diseases:

  1. Malaria is well referred Meandering towards Mosquito Bite as Monsoon is the breeding season for mosquitoes and mosquito-borne diseases. 

Several symptoms associated with the disease can be detected early and a doctor can be approached for prescribing the correct medicines. 

Causes : one-celled parasite, called plasmodium, causes malaria. 

Symptoms : recurrent attacks and other symptoms:

  • Moderate to severe quivering.
  • High Fever.
  • Fall in body temperature leading to excessive sweating.
  • Feeling of disquiet and restlessness.
  • Headache, Nausea, Vomiting and Diarrhoea.
  1. Dengue-caused Aedes aegypti mosquito that breeds in stagnant water (such as in buckets, drums, flower pots, wells, and tree holes). 
  • The incubation period of dengue fever is four to seven days after being bitten
  • First signs include fever and fatigue.
  1. Chikungunya is caused by the Aedes albopictus mosquito. 

Though it is a non-fatal viral disease. 

  • These mosquitoes breed in stagnant water and can bite you not only during the night but also during the day. 
  • ‘Chikungunya’ means bends up and is called so because of its distinct arthritic symptoms 
  • Symptoms: (pain in the joints and bones, stiffness). 


  • Consume prescribed drugs by doctors one to two weeks in case you have planned visit to the infected area 
  • Monsoons advent kindly also feel urge for a mosquito net that can be used as an exterior covering over the bed
  • Do not allow storage of water in your house or near areas for long periods of time 
  • Use a mosquito repellent 
  • Well, Depending on the severity of symptoms- a visit to the doctor is a must to prevent related fatality

Water-Borne Monsoon  Diseases:

  1. Typhoid: as flowing water allows walking along puddles filled with mud. Also flood waters are common during monsoons. This all with the start of monsoons advocated cases of water-borne diseases like typhoid rise on a large scale. 

Causes: bacterium S. Typhi, it is transmitted by consuming food or water contaminated with feces from an infected person. This is due to 

Poor sanitation and contaminated drinking water &/or direct contact with infected people's urine. 

Symptoms: signs and symptoms develop gradually, 1-3 weeks after exposure to the disease. 

Few symptoms are :

  1. Fever, often as high as 103 or 104 F (39.4 or 40 0C)
  2. Headache
  3. Weakness and fatigue
  4. Sore throat
  5. Abdominal pain
  6. Diarrhea or constipation
  7. Rash
  8. Cholera caused due to poor sanitation and consumption of contaminated food, 

Signs: diarrhoea or loose motions.

  1. Hepatitis A, the viral infection spreads from contaminated food and water. 

It can inflame and damage the liver.

Symptoms:  fatigue, fever, tenderness in the stomach, yellow eyes, dark-coloured urine, and a sudden loss in appetite.

Preventive Measures : 

  1. Wash your hands
  2. Avoiding drinking untreated water
  3. Opt for cooked food
  4. Clean household items
  5. drinking lots of fluid and eating a healthy diet

Air-Borne Diseases

  1. Cold and flu, the most common viral infection, is caused due to the sudden fluctuations in temperatures during the monsoon.. 

Symptoms: runny nose, sore throat, watery eyes, fever, and chills.

  1. Influenza, commonly known as the seasonal "flu", spreads easily from person to person and is essentially transmitted through the air.

Preventive Measures:

  1. Cover your mouth and nose while coughing or sneezing
  2. Drink warm water every few hours and carry your own boiled drinking water
  3. Take healthy diet to boost immune system
  4. Avoid cold beverages and dessert

Well, the Climate impacts in India will not be uniform and this is the reason that will likely to be the most affecting the health impacts by climate change. The least adaptive capacity in the immune system may be an aiding step for Monsoon illness to come in the period. 

While raising awareness about monsoon diseases and accounting preventive measures; it is important to advocate here that improvement in sanitation levels and living conditions is required.

Here we highlight summarizing the outlines for some of the topics in relation to maximize the benefits anticipating the health effects of climate change:

  • Use mosquito nets & mosquito repellants
  • Don’t allow water to stagnate. 
  • Maintain hygiene and wash your bathrooms regularly and routine basis
  • Boil water before consumption 
  • wash fruits and vegetables thoroughly before consumption
  • Keep foods covered at all times 
  • Avoid consumption of outside food
  • Ensure personal and environmental hygiene 
  • Ensure open drains and potholes in your locality are covered
  • Get your children vaccinated and assure them if not done yet!
  • Cover your mouth and nose while coughing or sneezing
  • Drink warm water every few hours and carry your own boiled drinking water
  • Keep your aged people and children away from people who are already infected 
  • ensure washing of hands and feet thoroughly once home from outdoors
  • Ensure your homes are well- ventilated at all times