Can Vitamin C Protect Or Treat COVID-19?
The novel coronavirus (2019-Nov) pandemic across the world has made people seek the ways in which prevention & /or treatment from the virus can be accomplished. The raffled enigma of COVID 19 is unraveled by vitamin c to a great extent.
Vitamin c (ascorbic acid) is an essential nutrient in fresh fruits and vegetables. It is the most effective water-soluble antioxidant in human plasma. Vitamin c has antioxidant properties.
It scavenges the damaging reactive oxygen in the virus affected the body’s cells and tissues. This prevents cells and tissue from oxidative damage and dysfunction.
The vitamin has numerous other functions within the body that are known to support the immune system. The contentious link of depleting vitamin c levels can become depleted during infection have been studied and reported in the literature.
This increased demand for vitamin c in body during infection in severe cases may require intravenous administration. The gram doses of vitamin c to achieve high enough levels compensating the enhanced turnover of the vitamin becomes necessary.
Till February 2020 as per data evaluated; the patients of COVID-19-related pneumonia presented with complications such as ards and shock (ICU emergency) with severe vitamin depletion.
As a recent RCT (random clinical trial) in the USA vitamin c benefits were highlighted. Among 167 patients with sepsis-related ards indicated administration of ~ 15 g/day of iv vitamin c for 4 days which was significantly correlated with decreased mortality rate.
Various treatment regimen incorporated by esteemed medical team worldwide (corona warriors) has advocated iv vitamin c benefits. That had shown to have significant benefits in patients with COVID-19.
Recently the clincialtrials.gov (identifier: nct04264533), is designed to investigate vitamin c infusion for the treatment of severe 2019-Nov infected pneumonia in Wuhan, China.
This is one of the first trials to test the iv vitamin c benefits in patients infected with covid19. In this trial, the investigators 140 patients with a placebo control or intravenous vitamin c at a dose of 24 g/day for 7 days are assessed for requirements of mechanical ventilation and vasopressor drugs, organ failure scores, ICU length of stay and 28-day mortality.
The referred trial hopes to complete by the end of September and is a ray of hope. The findings of this trial are going to be brainstorming themes for the corona warriors.
The study nevertheless will be able to provide valuable information and potential mitigation of symptoms by vitamin c during future viral outbreaks as well. Therapeutic doses of vitamin c benefits (0.2g/day or more) common cold by shortening the duration as per data reported.
Vitamin c is immune-boosting super nutrient & is important to support a healthy normal immune function however large doses provide no extra benefit and can cause nausea.
To boost the immune system one adult can take vitamin c as a supplement but it should not exceed 1,000mg a day as it is unlikely to cause any harm. The vitamin c benefits are more if taken in bioavailable form i.e. L-ascorbic and l-ascorbate, meaning it is readily absorbed by the body through the bloodstream.
However, sodium ascorbate the other form is too acidic for some people's stomach (and cause heartburn). fruits like lemon, orange, and vegetables like carrots are rich in vitamin c and other antioxidants that should be increased in the routine diet to boost your immune system.
Recommended daily intake for vitamin c should be 75 mg for women and 90 mg for men. Despite boosting the immune system in vitamin c benefit another golden point is that it helps lower blood pressure in patients with high blood pressure.
Various vitamin C benefits have enlightened the path in pandemic to boost the immune system as help for mankind.